Friday, October 12, 2007

Yet again on Goldstücker's Mahābhāṣya editions

A few weeks ago I went into Cambridge University Library and had a look at Goldstücker's editions of the Mahābhāṣya. The entry by Haas in the BL catalogue (see previous blog post) gives no sense of the sheer physical size of these publications. These are seriously big volumes. They filled all the shelves of a delivery trolley. They gave me a sense of some quixotic mission in Goldstücker's mind, that somehow reproducing these raw, unprocessed mss in London, at enormous cost, could achieve a socio-political end, could establish in Europe a renewed respect for India's intellectual traditions.

There are three publications here, each being an unadorned photocopy (in modern terms) of a Sanskrit manuscript in Devanāgarī script:
  1. Mbh. 1 vol.
  2. Mbh with Kaiyyaṭa. 3 vols.
  3. Mbh with Kaiyyaṭa and Nāgeśa. 2 vols.
Here are some notes:

1. Patanjali's Mahābhāshya. Reproduced ... samvat, 1751. In one volume.
The first 20 ff. of this ms. (pp. 2-41) are from a different ms. than the remainder. Ends: iti ata parāṇivo yathānyāsam iti kaścātra ... ukāraśca na tau staḥ yad iha tau syātāṃ//

p.43, scribe's fol. 8r,: tāv evāyam upadiśet nanu

It's a lovely Jaina ms, magnificently written.
Ends, v.2, p.697: saṃvat 1751 varṣe poṣaśukla trayodaśyāṃ tithau vudhāvasare śrīsarasāmadhye likhitā pratiriyaṃ ṣrī kharataragacche śrīśrī ṣagaracaṃdrasūrisāṣāyāṃ vācanācārya śrīsukhani?dhāna?gaṇīnāṃ tacchiṣyavācanācārya ... āṇaṃdadhīra likhitaṃ ... ṣrījinadattasūri jnnakuśalasūriprasādāt/
2. Title page:

Patanjali's Mah
ābhāshya with Kaiyyaṭa's Bhāshyapradīpa ... from an undated manuscript. In three volumes.
Vol.3, p.2218 has post-colophon:
kāṣyāṃ gṛhītaṃ makarasthe gurau saṃvat// iti mahābhāṣye aṣṭamo dhyāyaḥ// ṣrī rāhakaṣṇāya namostu// rāmamahābhāṣyasya pustakam idam āhnika 7
3. Title page:

Nāgojibhaṭṭa's Bhāṣyapradīpoddyota on Kaiyyaṭa's Bhāshyapradīpa. Reproduced by photo-lithography under supervision of Professor T. H. Goldstücker from a manuscript dated samvat, 1871. In two volumes. London: India Museum 1874. (Camb. UL. S833.a.87.6)

This is a ms. of saṃ 1811, sāke 1676 [AD 1754] vakratuṇḍasamīpe, manikarṇikāghāt, kāśī, copied by Udaigaja kāyastha.
Therefore, it looks as if G. may have misread 1811 as 1871. Or perhaps the printers who prepared the t.p. (after G. had died) made the mistake.

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